In 25% of diabetic patients, vision loss begins within 10 years. Its effect is seen in 50% of patients in 20 years. Most people ignore it as a problem in aging, while there are a few things that can be done to control diminished eyesight.
World Diabetes Day is celebrated on November 14 every year. Eye and Glaucoma Expert Dr. Vinita Ramanani explains how to take care of the eyes of diabetic patients.
If you are a diabetic, be aware that you do not have the following symptoms:
Inflammation in the eye
Most patients with diabetes suffer from dryness of the eyes which can cause them pain, tingling, heaviness and tears in the eyes, so it is very important to seek timely treatment.
Such patients have a higher risk of eye infections.
For example, conjunctivitis (red eyes), infection of the eyelids and cornea can occur, so keep blood sugar under control and seek medical advice if you have any eye problems.
This is the most common disease in diabetes. The lens of the eye becomes blurred with age, which is called cataract or cataract. Cataracts can occur rapidly in diabetic patients and also increase rapidly. It has a direct effect on the light of the eye.
People under the age of 65 with diabetes have a 4 times higher risk of developing cataracts than others. In the case of cataracts, lenses can be transplanted with the help of surgery to control diabetes.
It is a disease associated with pressure in the eye, which usually does not show symptoms. Prolonged increased pressure has a detrimental effect on the optic nerve and impairs vision. If left untreated, the patient may lose his eyesight permanently.
From diabetic retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy is the most serious eye disease associated with diabetes. This is also known by retina tests, although there are no initial symptoms. As the retinopathy progresses, the brightness of the eyes begins to diminish. When the situation worsens, the light can go out completely.
In addition to diabetes, the risk is higher if the patient suffers from high blood pressure, thyroid, cholesterol, heart or kidney disease. Retinopathy can occur in 20% to 40% of patients with diabetes.
Constantly changing the number of glasses
In patients with diabetes, the number of spectacles varies when blood sugar is out of control, so regular blood tests should be done. Having too high or too low a sugar level can make the patient’s vision blurred. When the sugar level is low, the light may return.
Elevated blood sugar can cause blindness, which can lead to sudden double appearance and even closing of the eyelids. Swelling of the veins can often lead to a decrease in the brightness of the eye.